Two Grenadiers Skirmishing, 77th Regiment of Foot - Battle of Bushy Run

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John Jenkins Designs

The 77th Regiment of Foot (Montgomerie's Highlanders) was a Highland Regiment raised in 1757. The regiment was raised at Stirling by Major Archibald Montgomerie as the 1st Highland Battalion and ranked as the 62nd Regiment of Foot in 1757. It was renamed the 77th Regiment of Foot (Montgomery's Highlanders) in June 1758. The regiment participated in the capture of Fort Duquesne in November 1758.
It sailed for the West Indies in June 1761 and took part in the Invasion of Martinique in January 1762 and the Battle of Havana in June 1762. It went on to New York City in October 1762 and saw action at the Battle of Bushy Run in August 1763 after which it was disbanded later in the year.

The Battle of Bushy Run was fought on August 5-6, 1763, in western Pennsylvania, between a British column under the command of Colonel Henry Bouquet and a combined force of Delaware, Shawnee, Mingo, and Huron warriors. This action occurred during Pontiac's Rebellion. Though the British suffered serious losses, they routed the Native American Tribesmen and successfully relieved the garrison of Fort Pitt.

It was to become a situation that closely resembled the predicament of Braddock years earlier at the Battle on the Monongahela. An advance guard ran into hostiles, then support was sent forward, musket fire broke out, from the woods on both flanks and the rear of the main British force. It seemed it was Braddock's Defeat all over again. The difference it seems was the maintenance of order and the troops' confidence in their commander.
Colonel Henry Bouquet formed up in a near-hollow square on a hillside. During the second day of fighting, Bouquet decided upon trickery. He feigned a retreat, lured the woodland Indian tribesmen in, then hit them on the flanks with his light infantry companies. The maneuver was successful.
Though Indian casualties were lighter than that of the British, the Battle of Bushy Run, August 5-6, 1763, was over, and broke the back of Indian resistance in these parts. Fort Pitt was relieved. The settlements came and a great city would one day stand at this fork in a wilderness river.